Education is the key to success and development of a nation. This fact is realized by nations who are now flourishing. India aims at being the next super power but it is not possible without bringing improvements in the education sector of the country. Some of the facts related to Indian education system are as follows:
India has a humongous population amongst which is a large number of young population which comprises of 44% of children who are at a school going age.Amongst this large young school going population, there 50% students belonging to the age bracket of six to 18 who do not go to schools.India is a developing country but its economy is now doing fairly well. A large portion of its GDP is spent on other less important sectors whereas only 3.3% of the annual GDP of Indian is spent on education which is a very low percentage as compared to other world economies that spent an average 5.8%Government has made tall claims and it was committed by the GOI that it will increase the spending on education t to 6% in 1968. But so far that commitment has not been fulfilled and the highest that has ever been spent on education sector is just 4%.It has been found through survey and research that out of 32 million children who started attending elementary school in the year 2004 through the Right to Education Act, less than half of them will complete the compulsory 8 years of school education.The government is taking initiatives to elevate the education situation in the country. For this purpose it has launched many initiatives. Through one of the initiatives called, Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, government has managed to bring some 20 million children to schools. The majority of these children are first generation learners.Although students get enrolled in the schools but the dropout rate of these students is very high. It is due to several reasons, the biggest being the attitude of under privileged families towards education. The dropout rate is 3 out of every 4 student.The dropout rates are alarmingly high for classes in between three to five where the dropout rate for boys is 50% and for girls it is 58%.The most common and widely given reasons for this dropout are: Affordability and high cost issue of private education
In poverty struck society, children are seen as helping hand and bread earners for the large families and education is like a luxury to them which they cannot afford.
The quality of learning in government schools is not satisfactory so it is not worth sending the child to school.
The situation in secondary schools is also not satisfactory where 37% of secondary school students fail and 11% of them dropout from school even before giving exams.There is a dire need of improving education infrastructure and establishing more schools with regional accreditation that could impart quality education to students.
With the passage of time, we see the world evolving. Changing trends and newer models have been introduced in the world. It no longer works on the traditional norms and the conventional setups. The world has seen a shift of third world countries being amongst the leading nations of the world. The world observed the shifts in powers among the nations. All this has been made possible due to the newer and contemporary knowledge that is the need of the hour for development. Education is the sole weapon to conquer the world. Nations that long realized this fact had made sincere efforts to provide their people with educational platforms that helped them to attain newer skills and knowledge that made them world leaders. Following their footsteps, other under developed nations adopted the similar methods and incorporated education as the prime area of concern in their national goals. The outcomes were stupendous. Those nations flourished and developed in the global arena and now we see them as the emerging economies of the world. They transformed their people into civilized informed citizens. We are living in a technologically advance era where a new inventions surfaces on the earth every day, making our lives easy and comfortable. People have the same brain but they seem to outsmart all the previous generations on the basis of the power that they hold in their hands. That power is knowledge and education. There were times when attaining education was a difficult task. People had to travel miles to attain knowledge but now the world is confined within a box and all the information is available just one click away. This easy access to knowledge has made the world smart and knowledgeable. Moreover, the persistence of the nations on improving the education systems of their countries had made prospects even brighter than ever. They know that education is the future. Education standards have seen an improvement worldwide. New technologies and smart ways have been introduced to elevate the standards of education. The emphasis has been placed on making people skilled and equipped with practical skills that promote innovation and creativity within them. The wide opportunities have ignited the skills of the humans and made them focused towards their areas of interest that is why everyone is excelling in their related fields. But unfortunately, there are still nations in the world that are falling behind in terms of education. They do not seem to be at pace with the world. There citizens are deprived of quality education and the practices that are being followed there are below satisfactory levels. They are in need of adopting globally accepted standards of education. For this purpose, they can seek accreditation from international bodies. They need to take assistance from accreditation consultants who can guide them in implementing globally appreciated practices which will elevate the condition of education. The door to success opens through educating and empowering the inhabitants of the world. Education is the sole hope for survival and success. The nations that are lagging behind in the race need to pick up their pace and adopt modern methods in education.
India is on the road to revolutionizing its education system to build a brighter future for its nation. Nations that have achieved a status and fame in the world have achieved it through their hard work, blood and sweat. They have made efforts to develop infrastructure that could provide them an environment that is conducive to learning and development. Nations have developed such expertise and facilities for its natives and born the fruits of it. India is also following the footsteps of such nations and trying to embark on this strength. India has made sincere efforts towards this and for this purpose; it has taken the initiative of making education free and compulsory at the elementary level. It has introduced the Right to Education Act which allows children aged from 6 to 14 to attain free education. Despite sincere efforts by the government, the picture still seems grim. Making education free does not solve the problem. Merely sitting in the school and repeating what teachers speak word after word does no good to these kids. It has been observed through a report that the quality of learning in India amongst these kids is declining. The quality of learning is determined by the reading, writing and arithmetic skills of these young students. The report that is prepared by the non-profit Pratham Education Foundation states that during the period of nine years, the quality of learning of these kids has shown no real improvement or actually has worsened. According to the report, the children that are now studying in class 5 and who can read the text of class 2 students has declined by 15%. Similarly, the percentages of students of class 8 who can solve mathematics problems and do divisions have declined by 23%. The number of students who enrolled in the schools has changed. It has shown a progress. In 2005, the percentage of students was 93% but now the situation has changed to 97%. It seems like the major focus of this act is not on making students learned and informed but instead it focuses on enhancing the enrollment of students in schools. This is coming at the expense of government because free education is funded by the Indian government but if it is not fulfilling the intended purpose then it is of no use. Now in this situation, the government faces even bigger challenges. They have to take serious measures to improve the quality of learning by the students. They need to focus on developing such schools that are providing quality education and are accredited by national accreditation board. This would help building a certain standard for the schools and they would follow certain guidelines that would improve the situation. Moreover, government can take further steps to make the situation work in their favor. The government can introduce a pre schooling education sector that can help developing a mechanism for students that provides an environment for learning and opening of the mind towards picking up things. Furthermore, quality of teachers should be improved. Measures like inclusion of pertinent syllabus, learning environment, less focus on making things memorized, regional accreditation and encouraging and debating environment would also help to improve the situation.
An endless debate goes on about equality for all in every field. Much is talked about gender equality and no discrimination to anyone. An endless array of initiatives are taken around the globe to minimize and remove the roots of discrimination on the basis of race, color, ethnicity, gender, background, religion and so on. But to our much disappointment, our efforts are still lagging behind because inequality and biasness still exists. When we talk about equality, it should be practiced around all areas. There seems to be lack of equality in education in India. India has a huge population with a major chunk comprising of school goings and youth. According to the Right to Education Act 2009, schooling is free and compulsory from the age of 6-14. But unfortunately that's not how the reality is. According to current statistics, 4% of children have never seen a school or ever been to it. 58% of kids do not complete primary school which means that they have started school but before even reaching class six, they leave the school. It indicates that more than half percent of the kids have just got enough education to write their name or understand basic alphabets or words. A huge percentage of 90% don't get to complete school. It means that they have not crossed the level of class tenth. They do have basic education but in this fast paced world, they are left far behind because passing merely 10 classes would not help them land anywhere good in life because they lack a degree which is very essential for getting a good job. Another fact that only 10% of the students complete college level education is sad because the percentage is very low. The stats indicate a bad situation because in order for any country to progress, their youth serves as a backbone. But if the youth is uneducated then the country is crippled as the shoulders that have to carry the burden of the state are weak. Despite the fact that efforts are taken to make education free and widespread for all and sundry, its implementation seems to have many problems. The backward and disadvantaged groups of the society are far from availing this facility because the implementation of this act requires major efforts to be taken all across the nation which is difficult and time consuming job. There should be no discrimination between rich and poor in the attainment of education. It should be made and compulsory and accessible for all. As majority of people in India are poor and they do not have enough resources to send their kids to school, it is the job of the government to make it accessible and cost free for them. Efforts should be taken all across the nation to develop institutes that can provide affordable and quality education to everyone without any discrimination. Institutes should be developed that follow global educational standards and they should get accreditation so their quality standard is ensured. Support from government can help alter the situation and make things better for a prosperous future of the nation and its inhabitants.