Education is the key to success and development of a nation. This fact is realized by nations who are now flourishing. India aims at being the next super power but it is not possible without bringing improvements in the education sector of the country. Some of the facts related to Indian education system are as follows:
India has a humongous population amongst which is a large number of young population which comprises of 44% of children who are at a school going age.Amongst this large young school going population, there 50% students belonging to the age bracket of six to 18 who do not go to schools.India is a developing country but its economy is now doing fairly well. A large portion of its GDP is spent on other less important sectors whereas only 3.3% of the annual GDP of Indian is spent on education which is a very low percentage as compared to other world economies that spent an average 5.8%Government has made tall claims and it was committed by the GOI that it will increase the spending on education t to 6% in 1968. But so far that commitment has not been fulfilled and the highest that has ever been spent on education sector is just 4%.It has been found through survey and research that out of 32 million children who started attending elementary school in the year 2004 through the Right to Education Act, less than half of them will complete the compulsory 8 years of school education.The government is taking initiatives to elevate the education situation in the country. For this purpose it has launched many initiatives. Through one of the initiatives called, Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, government has managed to bring some 20 million children to schools. The majority of these children are first generation learners.Although students get enrolled in the schools but the dropout rate of these students is very high. It is due to several reasons, the biggest being the attitude of under privileged families towards education. The dropout rate is 3 out of every 4 student.The dropout rates are alarmingly high for classes in between three to five where the dropout rate for boys is 50% and for girls it is 58%.The most common and widely given reasons for this dropout are: Affordability and high cost issue of private education
In poverty struck society, children are seen as helping hand and bread earners for the large families and education is like a luxury to them which they cannot afford.
The quality of learning in government schools is not satisfactory so it is not worth sending the child to school.
The situation in secondary schools is also not satisfactory where 37% of secondary school students fail and 11% of them dropout from school even before giving exams.There is a dire need of improving education infrastructure and establishing more schools with regional accreditation that could impart quality education to students.